Healthy Trends: Immunizations

National Data

Healthy People 2010 identifies national health objectives for the year 2010.

Data 2010 finds the latest data for each objective. Search Data 2010 by objective number: e.g., 14-04 or 27-13, where the first number refers to one of 28 chapters or “focus areas” and the second refers to the objective number within the focus area.

Examples of immunization data from these sources:

Immunizations Population Percent Immunized Obj#
2001† Goals for 2010‡
Fully immunized children aged 19-35 months All 74% 80% 14-24a
African American 67% 80% 14-24a
3 or more doses of Hepatitis B vaccine at 13 to 15 years All 74% 90% 14-27a
1 or more doses of varicella (chicken pox) vaccine at 13-15 years All 57% 90% 14-27d
Flu vaccine in past 12 months Adults 65+ years 63% 90% 14-29d
African American 47% 90% 14-29d
Hispanic or Latino 52% 90% 14-29d
High-risk adults 18-64 years 25% 60% 14-29c
Pneumococcal vaccine at least once in lifetime Adults 65+ years 54% 90% 14-29d
African American 34% 90% 14-29d
Hispanic or Latino 32% 90% 14-29d

†2001 data taken from Data 2010.
‡2010 goals taken from Healthy People 2010.

 

State Data

CDC’s National Immunization Program will link you to multiple sources that provide national, state and local data on the number of people who have received vaccines.

Example of state immunization data from this site:

In 2002, 91.1% of children in the District of Columbia received at least one dose of varicella vaccine between 12 and 35 months of age compared to 59.2% of children in Montana. (2002 National Immunization Survey)

State Immunization Profiles provide links to profiles on immunization coverage for all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Example of data from the Alabama state profile:

Eighty-two percent of public and private provider sites in Alabama are enrolled in the state immunization registry. In 2001, the state received about $4 million in federal immunization funding.

 

Health Plan Data

HEDIS or the Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set measures the performance of commercial, Medicaid and Medicare managed care organizations (MCOs) to allow consumers to compare MCOs. The National Committee for Quality Assurance’s annual State of Health Care Quality report provides an overview of MCOs’ performance. Immunization data from this report is provided below

Childhood Immunization Status

Childhood Immunizations: Commercial Rates, 1999-2002
Year Average
2002 68.5
2001 68.1
2000 66.8
1999 63.6

 

Childhood Immunizations: Medicaid Rates, 2000-2002
Year Average
2002 57.7
2001 58.9
2000 56.4

 

Measure definition: Percent of children enrolled in managed care plans who became 2 yrs old during the measurement year and received: 1) four doses of DTP or DTaP 2) three doses of OPV or IPV 3) one does of MMR 4) two doses of Hib 5) three doses of hepatitis B 6) one dose of chickenpox.

Adolescent Immunization Status

Adolescent Immunizations: Commercial Rates, 1999-2002
Year Average
2002 50.1
2001 44.0
2000 36.8
1999 30.4

 

Adolescent Immunizations: Medicaid Rates, 2000-2002
Year Average
2002 43.1
2001 37.3
2000 28.5

 

 

Measure definition: Percent of continuously enrolled adolescents who became 13 during the measurement year and who received 1) two doses of MMR 2) three doses of hepatitis B and 3) one dose of chickenpox.